BFA, The Maryland Institute, College of Art, 1974.

MA, Art History, The University of Iowa, course work done 1979, degreed 1982.

Published article at
Marcel Duchamp/Alfred Stieglitz (Mutt and Jeff) Photograph an Impossible Urinal, Fountain (in a slapstick kind of way).

Published two articles at
Marcel Duchamp/Alfred Stieglitz (Mutt/Jeff) Fake a Photograph of
an Impossible Urinal/Fountain (in a slapstick way).

Marcel Duchamp's and Alfred Stieglitz's Fountain (Urinal) as a Machine Aesthetic Caricature Portrait of Francis Picabia.

Completed and copyrighted art historical book titled With Hidden Nu (L.H.O.O.LOOKAGAIN.)